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Mobile phone sales

The table provides the percentages of global market share of six mobile phone companies, in 2005 and in 2006.


Generally, the market share of the six companies has remained reasonably stable, with Nokia, Motorola and Samsung retaining the top three positions in the market.


The company with the highest market share, Nokia increased its share by 2.5% between 2005 and 2006, while conversely the company with the least market share, BenQ Mobile, decreased its market share by the same amount. This was a significant reduction in share for BenQ Mobile, as it represented over half of its total market share.


Combined, the top three companies dominated the market in both 2005 and 2006, increasing their combined share by 5% (from 62.9 to 67.9%). However, while both Nokia and Motorola increased their share of the market, Samsung experienced a slight decline in its share (0.9%)


Overall, the graph reveals that Nokia had the significantly largest share of the global phone market in both 2005 and 2006, with about 1/3 of the total market, and that the market was dominated by three companies, Nokia, Motorola and Samsung. (185)

Mobile phone sales

rail transportation

The table displays information about the use of rail in four countries (UK, USA, Japan and Italy) in 2009.

Generally, the graph shows that UK and Italy used rail transport in a very similar way in 2009. In contrast, USA used trains largely for the carrying of freight, while in Japan the main use of trains was for the movement of people.

More specifically, in UK and Italy the passenger kilometres per head of population was about 775, whereas in Japan it was significantly higher, at 1980 kilometres. In contrast the number of USA was only 80.

In the USA however, 2820 billion tons of freight was transported by rail in 2009, whereas in the three other countries, this figure was between 21 and 24 billion tons.

To sum up, the table illustrates the dramatic difference in the way in which rail transportation was used in Japan and USA in 2009, with Japan using rail largely to move people and USA using it to move cargo.  (166)

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ielts scores

The table compares average IELTS scores in four skills (speaking, writing, listening and reading) of students in three organisations (UAGO, MoPF and MEB).

In general, the IELTS scores of the UAGO students are higher in all skills except for reading, in which the UAGO students’ average score is significantly lower that both MoPF and MEB. MEB students have the highest average reading score, but the lowest average scores in the other three areas.

The MEB students’s scores, except for reading are all in the 4-5 range whereas the UAGO students averaged over 5 in all four skills, and had an average score of 6.12 for listening.  The MoPF students scored over 5 in all skills except for listening, in which they scored 4.87.

The highest average score in all four skills was scored by MEB students in reading, where the scored 6.67. This was significantly better than their average scores in speaking, writing and listening (4.11, 4.89 and 4.34 respectively) which were the lowest of the three organisations.

Overall, UAGO students performed best of the three organisations, scoring highest in speaking, listening and writing. (184)

IELTS scores


The table provides details of the impact of the Covid-19 virus on 10 Asian countries as at 30 June 2020.

Generally, the ASEAN countries that have been most impacted by Covid-19 are Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Singapore, all of which have over 100 cases per million of population. In contrast, Laos PDR, Cambodia, Myanmar and Vietnam all have less than 10 cases per million of population.

While Singapore has the highest infection rate (7,463 per million), it has a relatively low number of deaths (26). The country most devastated by Covid-19 is Indonesia, with over 50,000 cases and 2805 deaths. Indonesia also has the highest number of new cases (1,082), followed by Philippines (983). The nation least affected by Covid-19 is Lao PDR which has no recorded deaths and no active cases.

In conclusion, the table reveals that the effect of Covid-19 on ASEAN countries has been quite varied, with Indonesia and Philippines being the worst affected and Lao PDR, Cambodia and Vietnam being the least devastated by the virus. (169)

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