Skim read the following article about 'graphology' and answer the following questions

  • What is graphology?

  • What do graphologists do?

Now read the questions below and identify the keywords in each sentence. The keywords are words you will scan for in the article to locate the answer to the question.

  • I have underlined the keywords in the first two questions.

  • I have also predicted what (e.g. person, number, reason, date, etc) you are looking for

Complete the sentences with NO MORE than TWO WORDS an/or A NUMBER from the text.

  1. What does an expert graphologist makes allowances for? ['what' = thing]

  2. How many features are used in the investigative approach? ['how many' = number]

  3. What is another name for a person's handwriting?

  4. What is a single handwriting feature able to identify?

  5. Who originally developed handwriting analysis?

  6. When was modern graphology established?

  7. In which area of the workplace is graphology a particularly useful tool?

Now, scan the article below for the keywords (I have underlined the first keywords)

READ CAREFULLY before and after the keywords to find the answer.

REMEMBER, you can use NO MORE than TWO WORDS and/or a NUMBER.


Graphology - the study of handwriting and handwriting analysis - is now an accepted and increasingly used technique for assessment of people in organizations. Handwriting analysis is an effective and reliable indicator of personality and behaviour, and so is a useful tool for many organizational processes, for example: recruitment, interviewing and selection, team-building, counselling, and career-planning.

Handwriting comes directly from the writer in a uniquely personal and individual way, irrespective of how the person has been taught to write: an expert graphologist understands the styles of the different countries and languages and makes allowances for 'taught' influences. Also largely irrelevant to the actual analysis is the content of the written text.

The science of graphology uses over 300 different handwriting features in its investigative approach. The graphologist's interpretation skill is in the psychological art of understanding the particular blend of handwriting features - an expert is able to see the writer 'step off the page'.

A person's handwriting, called the script, and its placing on the page express the unique impulses of the individual: logically, the brain sends signals along the muscles to the writing implement they control. By examining a handwriting sample, an expert graphologist is able to identify relevant features of the handwritten script, and the way the features interact. The features, and interaction between them, provide the information for the analysis. (No single handwriting sample will exhibit all 300 different features of course - a typical analysis will involve far less).

No single handwriting feature proves anything specific or absolute by itself; a single feature alone can only identify a trend. It is the combination of features, and the interaction between them that enable a full and clear interpretation.

Graphology is actually a very old and respected science - the study of handwriting and its analysis was first developed by the Chinese 3,000 years ago. The Romans used graphology, and through the centuries since then various civilisations and cultures have analysed handwriting to identify the personality of the writer.

The modern approach to handwriting analysis was established by a group of French clerics, led by Abbe Michon, who defined key aspects of the science in the 1870s, after 30 years of study. This work formed the basis of modern graphology, although the science is still being researched and expanded today.

Professional graphologists operate to a strict code of ethics, and these experts are constantly in demand; those who use it recognise its value in the workplace as an additional method of understanding personality. It is therefore an extremely useful tool in identifying the quality and capacity of an individual's talents and potential, particularly in career guidance. Like other powerful behavioural or intuitive models, it is not easy to explain how and why graphology works, nevertheless it continues to be used, respected and appreciated by many because it achieves a high level of results.

When you think you have the answers, enter your details and the answer in the test-sheet below.


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