Myanmar loves chicken

Well, it seems that people in Myanmar can't get enough of chickens! Myanmar is not only one of the largest producers of chickens in the world, it is also one of the biggest consumers of poultry (= the flesh of chickens and other domestic fowl as food).

  1. Read the six statements (a - f) and identify any keywords and synonyms

  2. Find the relevant section of the article for each statement and read carefully.

  3. Decide whether each statement is True, False or Not Given.

a) The market for poultry has been growing steadily in the last few years.

b) COVID-19 has had a significant impact on global meat production

c) Poultry production will likely increase in Mexico due to greater consumer demand.

d) Less chicken is being eaten as street food in Thailand.

e) Social distancing at workplaces has affected productivity in plants in the US.

f) Brazil and the US supply over 50% of the world's poultry.


In 2019, the global poultry market increased by 6% to US$ 231.5 billion, rising for the third consecutive year. Global consumption is expected to increase further in the 2020 year. The countries with the highest volumes of poultry consumption in 2019 were China, USA and Russia, however the countries that recorded the highest levels of poultry per capita consumption in 2019 were; Malaysia (63 kg per person), the US (58 kg per person) and

Brazil (57 kg per person). The country with the most notable rate of growth in terms of poultry per capita consumption was Myanmar.

Global poultry meat production is estimated to reach 137 million tonnes in 2020, with growth anticipated in China, the EU, Britain, Brazil and Mexico. New investments in processing capacity are expected to increase production in the EU and the UK, although the effects of Covid-19 are still to be determined.

Poultry production is expected to increase in Brazil, South Africa and Mexico – in Brazil due to growing demand for imports (particularly from China), in South Africa due to strong consumer demand, and in Mexico because of competitive feed prices.

In contrast, poultry meat production is likely to decline in India and Thailand. In India, the outflow of labour from cities after the Covid-19 lockdown reduced the availability of workforce and led to a decrease in consumer demand. In Thailand, a sharp drop in demand for poultry meat from the food retail sector, including street food, is driving the expected decline in production. In the US, declining food sales and labour shortages have led the sector to abandon expansion plans. In addition, requirements for maintaining distances between workspaces in processing plants has reduced efficiency, resulting in a drop in production.

The main poultry exporters in 2019 were Brazil (4 million tonnes) and the US (3.6 million tonnes) – approx. 24% and 22% of total exports, respectively. In value terms, the largest poultry supplying countries worldwide were Brazil (US$ 6.5 billion), the US (US$ 3.7 billion), and Poland (US$ 2.9 billion), with a combined 48% share of global exports.

The average poultry export price was US$ 1,644 per tonne in 2019, remaining relatively unchanged against 2018. In general, the export price, however, continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2019, the country with the highest price was Thailand ($ 2,683 per tonne), while the US ($ 1,045 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.

Full article at

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