The Ring of Fire

On 9 December 2019, the volcano on White Island in New Zealand erupted killing 21 tourists. In February 2011, a magnitude 6.3 earthquake caused severe damage in Christchurch in New Zealand, killing 185 people.

New Zealand is one of several countries, including Japan and parts of USA which is on the Ring of Fire. The Ring of Fire is the area that surrounds the Pacific Ocean and is the area in the world that is most likely to suffer earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis.


Watch the video to learn about the Ring of Fire. Before you watch the video, look at the nine statements below and identify the keywords that will help you in listening to the video (I have underlined the keywords in Question 1).

  1. Mount Mayan in the Philippines kept erupting for three weeks.

  2. Most earthquakes and tsunamis happen on the Ring of Fire.

  3. Scientists always agreed about what caused the Ring of Fire.

  4. The Ring of Fire is caused by tectonic plates colliding.

  5. The San Francisco -Oakland earthquake was the worst earthquake in US.

  6. Scientists cannot predict when earthquakes will happen.

  7. In Japan, buildings must be built to withstand earthquakes.

  8. All the countries on the Ring of Fire have early warning systems for earthquakes.

  9. Governments treat earthquakes as a low priority because they are unpredictable

Once you have identified the keywords, watch and listen to the video (you may listen as many times as you like) to identify if the statements above are True, False or Not Given.

When you have completed the task, enter your answers in the test sheet below.


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