Urbanisation is the increase in the proportion of people living in towns and cities.
Urban migration is the movement of people within a country from the countryside to the towns and cities.
Urbanisation occurs because of urban migration , that is people move from rural areas (countryside) to urban areas (towns and cities). Urbanisation has been happening for centuries all over the world and has become more prevalent (= widespread) under globalisation. As the graph above shows, urbanisation has been dramatic in China in the last 15 years, and now in 2020, over 60% of Chinese people are living in urban areas.
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Urbanisation, that is the increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, is due to many reasons and causes many changes.
Discuss the causes and effects of urbanisation.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge. Write at least 250 words. Write your essay in the test form below